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anne carson essay Decreation: Poetry, Essays, Opera by essays Anne Carson. Vintage, 2006. Anne Carson is widely considered an avant-garde writer because of her formal experiments and generic innovations. The label clearly makes some sense, at least superficially: think of her genre-bending first book of prose poems entitled Short Talks , for example, or the arbitrarily punctuated syntax in imagination is more than gre essay, her early sequence The Life of articles essays technology Towns . But when we realize the formal method in the latter is evidently borrowed from Gertrude Stein’s “She Bowed to essay writing services toronto, Her Brother” (1934), it seems more accurate to speak of its place in a certain kind of formal tradition. Technology. It is a modernist tradition, to be sure, and no one would deny that Carson feels modern. Accounting Msc Thesis. But it is clear to me that she is also a thoroughly traditional writer. Carson has been for many years a professor of articles essays classics, she is section for dissertation a superb translator from ancient Greek, and in her own writing she returns again and again to the ancient roots, the classical and essays, biblical origins of Western literature. These obsessions, self-consciously combined with her more fashionable interest in the new traditions of certain great innovators of the twentieth century like Paul Celan, Samuel Beckett, and on human nature, Gertrude Stein, enable her, at her best, to be truly original. Merely to articles, rank her with “the triumphant march of the avant-garde,” in Zbigniew Herbert’s sardonic phrase—cultural amnesiacs endlessly shooting at the easy target of novelty—is to miss completely much of what is most interesting and valuable in her work. Essay French. In fact, Carson has always been a writer in the Romantic tradition of the sublime, a tradition stretching back through Longinus to Sappho, Homer, and articles essays, the Bible.

And never more so than in her recent book, Decreation: Poetry, Essays, Opera . The book explores, from a wide variety of perspectives, the theme of the sublime annihilation or decreation of the self. Carson borrows the term “decreation” from the French philosopher and mystic Simone Weil, for accounting, whom the articles purpose of editorial cartoons such an act was to get out of the way of God, to let God’s will prevail over one’s one. Any student of religions will recognize this as a very old idea. But one way of understanding Carson’s focus on this theme is to think of articles essays her place in accounting, literary history: as a self-consciously post-confessional poet, she is concerned with finding ways to articles technology, displace the self from the centre of the work. Not, mind you, in is more important than gre essay, order to replace it with the technology cold, inhuman babble of Language, but rather to make way for essays editorial, “spiritual matters” . And this, as I say, places her squarely in the Romantic tradition of the sublime. Articles Essays. “Not I,” writes D.H. Custom Toronto. Lawrence, in his “Song of the articles essays technology Man Who Has Come Through”: “Not I, not I, but the wind that blows through me.” The main difference is that where English Romantics like Shelley and services, Lawrence speak of “wind,” Carson often speaks of the still more traditional “God.” As its subtitle indicates, Decreation is not simply a collection of essays technology lyric poems, but rather a book of new writing in a wide variety of genres. Besides thirty-four short lyrics, four essays and an opera libretto, the book includes a screenplay, the text of an oratorio, a cinematic “shot list,” a longer ekphrastic poem, and something that reads like a series of study questions, with answers.

But the book’s intellectual centers of gravity are its four essays, each of imagination is more important gre essay which takes a different perspective on sublime experience; and the subject of articles essays technology each essay is further explored in one or more other works that surround, or rather orbit, it in the book, like moons around a planet in the solar system of the sublime. For example, the essay entitled “Foam (Essay with Rhapsody): On the Sublime in section, Longinus and Antonioni,” is followed by a group of articles essays lyric poems called Sublimes , and then by another sequence of poems on sublime subjects called Gnosticisms . Similarly, the essay entitled “Decreation: How Women Like Sappho, Marguerite Porete and Simone Weil Tell God” is followed by a libretto, Decreation: An Opera in Three Parts , whose main characters include Marguerite Porete and accounting, Simone Weil. The effect is rather like reading Dante’s Vita Nuova , or Blake’s Marriage of Heaven and Hell , or Yeats’s A Vision together with his poems of the articles essays technology same period; prose and phrases, verse illuminate one another, often brilliantly, from different perspectives. The essays themselves are erudite personal essays in the tradition of Montaigne, and, at the same time, incisive works of thematic literary criticism: they consist of surprising, associative arguments, supported by deft and wide-ranging quotation, acute readings of particular works of technology literature, and occasional incandescent descriptions of Carson’s childhood memories. Although Carson keeps her personal feelings on a tight leash, one always senses from the passion of the writing that the subjects of these essays are of urgent spiritual and aesthetic significance to her. The first essay in the book, “Every Exit is an Entrance (A Praise of Sleep),” is concerned with the therapeutic consolation of the uncanny, the sublime, or the dream essays on human supernatural, and articles, especially with the power to be gained from the extraction of some secret, hidden content from services sleep. By extension, it is also about gaining access to what is real, to Kant’s thing-in-itself, which is likewise secret or hidden. Carson clearly owes much to articles technology, Freud here—whose book The Uncanny is one of the great contributions to the theory of the sublime—not to mention the whole Romantic tradition of the interior quest romance, but this is not a purely intellectual exercise for her.

As an example from her own life of a “supremely consoling” contact with the uncanny secret content of sleep, she describes the following childhood experience: My earliest memory is of a dream. It was in dilthey's dream nature, the house where we lived when I was three or four years of age. I dreamed I was asleep in the house in an upper room. That I awoke and came downstairs and stood in the living room. The lights were on in the essays technology living room, although it was hushed and empty. The usual dark green sofa and chairs stood along the usual pale green walls. Imagination Is More Gre Essay. It was the same old living room as ever, I knew it well, nothing was out of place. And yet it was utterly, certainly, different. Inside its usual appearance the living room was as changed as if it had gone mad. After giving an incisive and surprising interpretation of this dream-vision (“I explained the dream to myself by saying that I had caught the living room sleeping”), Carson goes on to explain why she finds it so consoling, tracing her theme dazzlingly through the works and ideas of Plato, Aristotle, ancient Greek inscriptions, Kant, Keats, Lacan, Tom Stoppard, and, especially, Homer, Virginia Woolf, and Elizabeth Bishop, elucidating certain works of articles these authors in ways that have the power to change one’s reading of them forever. Section For Dissertation. The second essay, already mentioned, entitled “Foam (Essay with Rhapsody): On the Sublime in Longinus and Antonioni,” is about the “exciting,” “dangerous” and sublime act of . . . Articles Technology. quotation.

As she puts it, “the Sublime is a documentary technique.” After quoting Longinus’ discussion, in On the Sublime , of a passage from the Greek orator Demosthenes, Carson invites us to feel the power of quotation as something extraordinary: Longinus’ point is that, by phrases brutal juxtaposition of coordinate nouns or noun clauses, Demosthenes transposes violence of fists into violence of syntax. His facts spill over the frame of their original context and pummel the judges’ minds. Watch this spillage, which moves from the man who hits, to the words of Demosthenes describing him, to the judges hearing these words, to essays, Longinus analyzing the whole process, to me recalling Longinus’ discussion of it and finally to you reading my account. The passionate moment echoes from soul to soul. Carson is a classical scholar with the soul of editorial a Romantic, and she writes with the passion of a master teacher, inciting, inflaming her students to experience the text with both heart and mind. (No surprise, then, to find Carson has dedicated her book to her actual students.) As this example demonstrates, Carson is a critic with a poet’s passion for technique, a quality she shares with the best poet-critics of our time. This is not her only essays theme here: the essay is editorial also about the psychology, the joy, and essays technology, the “structure” of the sublime (“Threat provides the msc thesis Sublime with its essential structure, the alternation of danger and salvation,” she writes, recalling William Blake’s pithier sentence, “Fear and Hope are—Vision”), and, as well, the guiltiness or uncleanness of the sublime soul, who knows how to value the passionate moment, but for articles, whom sublime threats may come from within as well as without. But readers familiar with Carson’s previous work will certainly recognize this essay as an apologia for one of her recurring stances in essays, her writing, both prose and verse: that of the technology passionate professor of classics. Lest we forget that the sublime is is more important gre essay a concept that was applied in the eighteenth century especially to certain aesthetic experiences of nature, Carson’s third essay, “Totality: The Colour of Eclipse,” considers the sublime experience of the total eclipse of the sun.

She describes it as follows: “You are now inside the moon’s shadow, which is a hundred miles wide and essays technology, moves at two thousand miles an hour. The sensation is stupendous.” Carson takes her literary examples this time from Archilochus, Pindar, Emily Dickinson, Virginia Woolf, and Annie Dillard. Surprisingly, she finds the experience is often associated in these writers with copulation, marriage, questions and doubts about marriage, and, less surprisingly, with a feeling of wrongness; in dilthey's dream essays nature and culture, a metaphor borrowed from her own essay in essays, praise of cartoons sleep, she compares seeing an eclipse to essays, “waking from a dream in the wrong direction and finding yourself on the back side of your mind.” Taken by itself, this is the slightest of the imagination important than four essays; however, when read together with the other three its images and ideas help to link all four in marvelously suggestive ways. Technology. For instance, although she never makes the essays editorial link explicitly, the image of a total eclipse of the sun is perhaps her most powerful metaphor for essays, her central notion of “decreation,” which may be understood as a kind of dream essays nature and culture eclipse or annihilation of the self. Which brings me to the last and longest essay, the four-part “Decreation: How Women like Sappho, Marguerite Porete and Simone Weil Tell God,” which, even more than the other three essays, is the intellectual heartland of the book.

She begins with a stunningly original and profound reading of technology Sappho’s famous fragment 31, the poem spoken by a jealous lover, beginning “He seems to me equal to gods that man . . . .” I urge you to read her analysis for yourself; I’ll just say that ultimately she reads the poem as an ecstatic lyric about the “theology of love,” one which asks a profound “spiritual question”: “ What is it that love dares the self to is more important, do? ” According to Carson, the answer in the poem is “ all is to be dared . . . Love dares the self to leave the self behind ,” Carson, whose brilliant translations of Sappho’s collected fragments, If Not, Winter , was published in 2002, and whose first book, Eros the technology Bittersweet , contained much passionate and insightful discussion of this ancient poet, deserves her growing reputation as one of the most exciting guides to Sappho’s work. Part two of the same essay considers the work of results section for dissertation a thirteenth- and fourteenth-century French mystic named Marguerite Porete, whose Mirror of Simple Souls Carson describes as being “a book about the absolute daring of love,” or more straightforwardly, “a theological treatise and . Technology. . . handbook for people seeking God.” Porete’s central doctrine, as Carson describes it, is that “the soul can proceed through seven different stages of love, beginning with . . . ‘boiling desire,’” until she achieves “an ecstasy in editorial, which the essays technology soul is carried outside her own Being and leaves herself behind.” Like Sappho, she describes this experience in terms of and culture a love triangle, although in her case the articles essays technology triangle consists of results for dissertation God the Spouse and the two parts of her divided self; as Carson explains, “she projects jealousy as a test of her ability to de-centre herself, to move out essays technology of the way, to clear her own heart and her own will off the path that leads to God.” In part three of the essay, Carson considers the work of Simone Weil, who also “wanted to get herself out of the way in order to arrive at God.” Weil called her program for doing this “decreation,” “to undo the creature in us.” She too imagines a love triangle, this time involving God, herself, and all of creation: she is the third wheel between two lovers, God and the earth, and wants to disappear; as she says, “If only I could see a landscape the way it is when I am not there.” The implication is that this would give her access to reality, to Kant’s thing-in-itself. Moreover, Porete and Weil agree that such a sublime experience of section for dissertation self-annihilation would be one of tremendous joy. Carson does an important service in this essay by restoring three important women to articles essays technology, the Romantic tradition of the sublime, a tradition often thought of as dominated by men, and by reminding us that this tradition is not confined to recent centuries, but is rather a mode of writing that has had adherents in every age; her essay is essay phrases french a subtle but powerful rejoinder to glib critics who dismiss this tradition as outdated or inherently male. Articles. In this way, Carson is making a tradition for dream essays, herself, and clearing a space for her own work as a poet. It occurs to me, moreover, that we can locate a central aspect of Carson’s elusive Canadianness in this project: her concern with the reform of this European tradition contrasts strikingly with, for example, the ultra-American Walt Whitman’s ostensible rejection of it; in articles technology, other words, she adopts a rebellious, reformist Canadian attitude toward tradition very different from Whitman’s revolutionary American one. Of course, one might argue that Ezra Pound and T.S. Eliot did much the same thing in their criticism, clearing a space for their own work by recovering European traditions that had been half-forgotten; and yet they were precisely the two American modernist poets who strove most ardently to leave America behind. The fourth part of this essay is especially interesting.

There is a contradiction in Sappho, Porete, and Weil, Carson argues, that arises from the fact that they are writers: they create a “big, loud, shiny centre of self from which the essays writing is given voice” and yet they “claim to be intent on annihilating this self while continuing to write.” To resolve this contradiction, each one “feels moved to create a kind of dream of distance in which the articles essays technology self is displaced from the custom essay services center of the work and essays, the teller disappears into is more important than knowledge, the telling.” Here we have Carson the post-confessional poet, wondering how writers in her chosen tradition have managed to displace the self from the center of their work. In this fourth part of her essay, then, Carson goes on to describe and think about the “dream of distance” each of these writers creates. She reminds us that Simone Weil “arranged for her own disappearance on several levels,” including self-starvation; and this was related to the fact that Weil’s economic and spiritual diagnosis of the human condition was this: “Man’s great affliction,” she wrote, “is that looking and eating are two different operations.” Therefore her “dream of distance” is precisely a resolution of this affliction: “Eternal beatitude is a state where to look is to eat.” Because food reminds us so powerfully of our physicality, “she creates in her mind a dream of distance where food can be enjoyed perhaps from across the room merely by looking at it . . . where the lover can stay, at articles essays the same time, near to msc thesis, and far from the essays object of her love.” But as Carson reminds us, “eternal beatitude is not the only state where to look is to eat. The written page can also reify this paradox for us. A writer may tell what is near and far at once.” Certainly this is true of Carson’s own writing; while she gives us just one personal story in this essay devoted to the works of others—(“I remember a little book of The Lives of the Saints that was given to me about age five. In this book the is more than knowledge various flowers composing the articles crowns of the martyrs were so lusciously rendered in words and paint that I had to be restrained from dream on human nature eating the pages”)—we are, nevertheless, always aware of articles her fervent personal stake in what she is writing services toronto writing.

That is to say, she may be discussing figures distant from her in time and articles technology, place, but in these essays she almost always seems to accounting msc thesis, be writing about essays herself as a writer, and, moreover, whispering her discourse urgently in essays cartoons, our ears. Articles Essays Technology. In Marguerite Porete the dream of distance seems to involve time as much as space, and moreover, for her “the writer’s dream of distance becomes an essay writing toronto, epithet of God.” She calls God “the divine Lover who feeds her soul with the food of truth,” and, more to the point, “the excellent FarNear.” In an act that Porete describes as both a kind of copulation and a kind of feeding, God “ravishes” the soul in the moment of its annihilation, and fills it, through an “aperture,” with a glimpse of its eternal “glory.” God must come “Near” to essays, perform this act, but remains “Far” in time apparently because he only gives a glimpse; that is, eternity will have to wait. By contrast, Carson points out, Simone Weil considered prayer to be primarily an dilthey's essays on human and culture, experience of spatial contradiction; nevertheless, its effect for essays, her was similarly ecstatic. And finally, this brings Carson back to Sappho, whose prayer to Aphrodite, fragment 2, she reads as another dream of distance. The poem is a calling hymn, “an invocation to God to come from where she is to where we are”; as Carson says, such a hymn typically names both places, and then the invocation decreates the phrases french difference between them, “an impossible motion possible only in writing.” Moreover, Carson’s analysis of exactly how Sappho does this with her syntax is, as usual, superb. All four of these essays are, as I say, ultimately about decreation, about essays technology displacing the self to for dissertation, make way for the sublime.

The subjects of the first two, sleep and quotation, are nothing if not ways of getting the self out of the way, and the subject of the third, the total eclipse of the sun by the moon, is the book’s great sublime natural metaphor for this act. The fourth essay, besides performing the important literary-historical services I have described above, illuminates the spiritual motivation for, and aesthetic consolation of, sublime writing in ways that have seldom been rivaled. After reading them three or four times, I believe these essays contain some of the most original and insightful critical writing about the sublime since Freud. What remains is to consider how well Carson puts her theory into practice. What I find, among other things, is that her theory teaches us how to read her poetry. When one re-reads the entire book after finishing her essays, the structure of the book as a whole becomes immediately clear. On the level of genre, the structure is this: the first hundred pages contain all the poems and essays technology, the first two essays; this is followed by essay three experiments in articles, other genres, namely the is more important than knowledge gre essay oratorio, the QA, and the screenplay; then the book finishes with the last two essays and articles, the opera, and a brief cinematic “shot list” for coda. But on a spiritual and aesthetic level, the book’s structure is this: like Sappho, Porete, and Weil, Carson begins by phrases consenting to love’s absolute dare and, in articles, search of a sublime experience of decreation, progressively displaces herself from the phrases french centre of the writing, using every technique of depersonalization at her disposal, from quotation, imitation, parody, and essays, critical analysis of others, to custom essay writing services, various kinds of dramatic technique, including experiments with screenplay and libretto. One is reminded of T. S. Eliot’s desire to “escape from personality,” and, accordingly, his deployment of articles some of these same methods, especially quotation, parody, criticism, dramatic poetry, and, ultimately, poetic drama.

However, as Carson puts it, “to undo self one must move through self,” the self being “the parchment on which God writes his lessons, as Marguerite Porete says.” This is essay phrases why Carson opens her book with a series of personal lyrics. Her subject is her response to the illness of articles essays technology her aging mother, whom she calls “the love of my life.” This is the love that ignites and instigates the book’s burning spiritual quest for decreation. The first item in the book is “Sleepchains,” a small, beautiful lyric about setting out on such a quest, which I quote here in its entirety: Who can sleep when she— Hundreds of miles away I feel that vast breath. Fan her restless decks.

Cicatrice by cicatrice. Writing Services Toronto. Here we go mother on the shipless ocean. Pity us, pity the articles essays technology ocean, here we go. Notice how Carson begins her book, like her literary heroines Sappho, Porete, and Weil, with a dream of distance, and one, moreover, which includes its opposite, a dream of nearness: her anxious insomnia, “hundreds of miles away” from her sick mother, is interrupted—an interruption enacted in the syntax, which falls silent at the end of the first line—by the physical sensation of some “vast breath,” the breath of God, one supposes, “fan[ning]” the for dissertation “restless decks” of her mother imagined as a ship, as if the mother were not far away at all, but indeed very near. And yet the breath and the rattling it produces serve by essays the end of the poem to call the speaker to travel, to close the distance between them, to begin the journey toward her mother-love and God, and this presupposes the great distance between them described in the first line of the on human nature and culture poem. Nevertheless, whereas at the beginning of the poem the speaker uses two pronouns to indicate herself and essays technology, her mother, “I” and “she,” by dream essays and culture the end they are united by “us” and “we.” The mother and the “vast breath” are “FarNear” indeed. If the compound title of this poem reminds us of Paul Celan, it is no accident; such serious playing with spiritual paradoxes of nearness and distance, presence and absence, is technology central to the work of that European master, about whom Carson has written well and at length in her book Economy of the Unlost . But that is not all; the poem’s image of a vast breath moving over the ocean also echoes the beginning of the book of Genesis, in fact the very passage that Longinus quotes from that source as a supreme example of the sublime style. Such are the pleasures of reading Carson at her best. The poems that make up the rest of the opening sequence, entitled Stops , are, unfortunately, not always up to results section, this standard.

Of the articles essays fourteen lyrics in this part, I count just four or five that are as good as anything Carson has done in this mode, including, besides “Sleepchains,” the following poems: “That Strength,” “Nothing For It,” and “Her Beckett.” The others are decidedly less successful, though some of them are better than others. Here is one of the lesser poems, though not the worst, entitled “Beckett’s Theory of Comedy.” It is the last one in the sequence: Picking gooseberries, she said. O is shown moving to the window. Should traps be not available. Or they kneel throughout the results section play. That lifelong adorer! No verticals, all scattered and lying. Goes back up the path, no sign of you. It isn’t that this is essays incomprehensible; the lines read like spliced passages from a Beckett play—they may in fact be quotations from his plays, I haven’t checked—and the point is clearly that the author’s life with and without her mother resembles such a play. (Anne Carson herself is clearly “That lifelong adorer!”) But the essays nature literary game here feels too clever, too derivative, too dependent on stylistic imitation to have much emotional impact, at least on articles this reader.

It leaps ahead in custom essay writing services, its technique to a kind of false decreation of the self, without really moving through the self. By contrast, consider the moving poem entitled “Nothing For It,” which reads like a later episode of the spiritual quest romance begun in “Sleepchains.” Again, I quote it in full: Your glassy wind breaks on articles essays technology a shoutless shore and stirs around the rose. before a great snow, before the gliding emptiness of the night coming on dream essays on human nature us, our lanterns throw. shapes of old companions. Essays Technology. a cold pause after. What knife skinned off. Blows on what was our house. Nothing for it just row. I admire Carson’s economy of french language here, the surprises that result from her syntactical elisions and articles technology, interruptions, her rhymes, her sharp enjambments, and especially her vivid and suggestive images. But what I admire most is the poem’s emotional force, its feeling of balancing on essays on human and culture the edge of despair and stoical perseverance.

The wind which in “Sleepchains” is essays technology a gentle “vast breath,” has now become an annihilating “glassy wind,” a “knife” that “skinned off ] / that hour” and “Sank the buoys” and now “Blows on what was our house”; and yet the speaker is determined to go on. One is reminded of Beckett’s line: “I can’t go on. I’ll go on.” And how much more emotionally powerful this remembrance of Beckett is than the explicit imitation of the playwright’s language in “Beckett’s Theory of is more important than knowledge gre essay Comedy.” Having said this, I must say I find the articles essays form of this poem, with its centered lines a la Microsoft Word, and imagination important gre essay, its melodramatic seventh line “and,” to technology, be more or less arbitrary, and that is dilthey's dream essays on human and culture disappointing in a poem that is otherwise so good. The next sequence of lyrics, Sublimes , suffers from a similar unevenness. I count just three poems out of twelve as first-rate, namely “And Reason Remains Undaunted,” “Stanzas, Sexes, Seductions,” and, with some hesitation, “Guillermo’s High Symphony.” “And Reason Remains Undaunted” begins casually with a conventionally Wordsworthian search for the sublime in nature, but then veers off surprisingly into essays, a wild series of adjectives and adjectival phrases to describe “the many methods of moving green,” never to return to the poem’s original “walk”; it is a brilliant specimen of the list or catalogue poem, making full use of the catalogue’s disjunctive power, and, because it consists of adjectives instead of the usual nouns, it feels utterly fresh. “Stanzas, Sexes, Seductions” is a witty and sad poem about essays sex and death: “Who does not end up / a female impersonator?” the poem asks wryly, only to wipe the smile off our faces in the next lines: “Drink all the sex there is. / Still die.” This poem is notable also for its summary of the aesthetic impulse behind the quest for decreation and sublime experience: My personal poetry is a failure. I do not want to be a person. I want to articles technology, be unbearable. When she puts it this way she reminds us of T.S.

Eliot again. But she also raises the question of whether her personal poetry is in fact a failure. My sense is that some is and some isn’t. Certainly Carson’s early narrative poem from Glass, Irony and God , “The Glass Essay,” which is one of Carson’s most personal poems, and, as it happens, a poem about her relationship with her mother, is one of her very best. But restricting the question to the poems in the present volume, the picture is mixed. When her personal poetry is not successful it is generally because it overpowers the limits of the french lyric in the name of formal or rhetorical experimentation. Carson’s continued playing around in this sequence with poems that blend lines from different voices, including quotations from other writers—a technique she has used many times before—fits intellectually into her program of displacing the self from the centre of articles her work, but just doesn’t seem to me, in her hands, to produce very good poems. Here is an example, from a poem called “Blended Text”: You have captured: pinned upon. my heart: the wall of my heart is your love. with one glance: as one. with one bead: as an exile of the kings of royalty. And so on.

That this clich-ridden jumble is bad poetry I take to be self-evident, and so the phrases less said about it the better. One has to wonder about articles essays technology any experimental technique that produces phrases as inane as “ the custom writing services toronto kings of royalty.” Flannery O’Connor once wrote that a writer is free to try and get away with whatever he wants, but that it had been her experience that there wasn’t much one could get away with. The sooner Carson abandons this sort of thing, the better, though I won’t hold my breath. Articles Technology. The third sequence in the book, Gnosticisms , is, on the whole, much more successful. Essays. Take for example this fierce little ars poetica about writing the sublime called “Gnosticism III,” quoted here in its entirety: First line has to articles essays technology, make your brain race that’s how Homer does it, that’s how Frank O’Hara does it, why. slam through the editorial house—there goes one (fainting) up the rungs. of your strange BULLFIGHT, buttered. almost in a nearness.

Thy pang—Pollock yourself! Just to hang on to life is articles essays why. I find this exhilarating, both in the way the poem follows its own advice with onrushing syntax and imagination is more than knowledge, headlong lineation, and in essays, the way it deploys mythic imagery in contemporary language in a way that reminds me of certain poems by custom essay writing another Canadian poet, P.K. Page. And here is articles its companion poem, “Gnosticism VI,” about reading the sublime: Walking the wild mountain in a storm I saw the great trees throw their arms.

Ruin! they cried and on human nature and culture, seemed aware. the sublime is articles technology called a “science of anxiety.” What do men and women know of essay services toronto it?—at first. not even realizing they were naked! The language knew. Watch “naked” ( arumim ) slide into articles essays, “cunning” ( arum ) snake in the next verse. And suddenly a vacancy, a silence, is somewhere inside the machine. This, the culminating poem in the sequence and the last short lyric in the book, is the most powerful depiction of an experience of essay writing services decreation among the book’s lyric poems. Articles. Notice how deftly Carson moves from a sublime Romantic landscape in the first couplet to Freudian analysis in the second, and results, then to Longinian quotation and explication of a biblical text in articles, the third and fourth. Imagination Than. It is the technology latter, the act of msc thesis reading, which triggers the ecstatic moment of decreation, the displacement of the reader’s self, and leaves behind “a vacancy, a silence” where the ghost used to be inside the body’s “machine.” If only every short poem in Decreation were this good. At 245 pages, and with works in seven or eight distinct genres, Decreation is an articles essays, impossible book to do justice to in a review.

I regret that I must pass over Carson’s screenplay on the subject of Abelard and Heloise, her question-and-answer session on a film production of Samuel Beckett’s silent play (or dance) called “Quad,” the text of her oratorio in homage to Gertrude Stein, her cinematic shot list for a silent film, and her decidedly anaphoric poem on a picture by Betty Goodwin, all of which may be described as interesting experiments, though some are more interesting than others. I want to turn instead, however briefly, to the most ambitious work in the book, its grand finale, the sixty-five-page opera libretto entitled Decreation: An Opera in Three Parts . Imagination Is More Important. The libretto has three parts unified by theme but otherwise distinct; it may be best to think of articles it as a little trilogy. Part One dramatizes the story of the god Hephaistos who discovers his wife Aphrodite in the act of adultery with Ares, the god of war, and fails in his attempt to exact revenge. Part Two deals with the trial of Marguerite Porete by the Inquisition on charges of phrases french heresy, and technology, her death by being burned at the stake. And Part Three concerns the life, thought, and death of dream nature Simone Weil. I have not seen the opera performed, although the 1999 production at the University of Michigan was apparently a success. But it must be said that it helps tremendously to understand the libretto if one has read the essay “Decreation” immediately beforehand, and indeed that essay appears directly before the libretto in the book. I can only imagine how mystified an audience might be without the benefit of this introduction. This is essays technology not to say they would not enjoy the editorial production, but simply that they might well leave the technology theater scratching their heads about the relationship among the opera’s three parts. That said, the libretto is charming, moving, and profound. I was surprised at how funny it is, even on the page, and a good production would no doubt amplify this quality many times over.

The scenes that deal with the thought of Porete and Weil are not at dream essays nature and culture all static or dry, as one might fear, but superbly dramatized and emotionally engaging. Articles Technology. And the scenes of Hephaistos’s failure, Porete’s immolation, and Weil’s life-ending stay in the hospital I found deeply affecting. As a dramatic form, the libretto is this book’s apotheosis of essay decreation, a fully realized “dream of distance in articles technology, which the self is displaced from the essays cartoons center of the work and the teller disappears into the telling,” to quote Carson again. The unevenness of the lyrics at the beginning of the book, as I have said, arises from essays their straining to transcend the limits of the short lyric in ways—such as the use of multiple voices and custom writing, blended texts—that are far more appropriate for drama, and so it is not surprising that this is the direction Carson is headed in as she comes to the end of her book. As far as I know, this libretto is technology her first original published and produced dramatic work, but I would not be surprised if Carson continues to write in dramatic forms in the future. (She has already published translations of plays by Sophocles and Euripides, in 2001 and 2006, respectively . ) If she does, it would make Decreation : Poetry, Essays, Opera an imagination is more important than knowledge, important turning-point in her career. To report broken links or problems accessing this website,

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In this seminar, we will take an articles, in-depth look at these famous studies (along with the essays on human and culture more recent replications) and explore their various psychological, political and articles essays philosophical ramifications. As with other seminars, this course has a number of custom essay writing, intellectual goals that go far beyond simply rarifying one’s understanding of a particular content area (important and generative as it may be). One such a goal is to enable you to think critically (though not disparagingly) about technology other people’s research and theoretical claims that ensue from it, all with the imagination important than knowledge hope that you can then apply the self-same critical acumen to your own future work. Second, I hope that our interactions throughout the course will offer a hospitable environment for essays, developing (and exchanging) creative ideas of your own. Your work on your individual reaction papers and on dilthey's on human nature, the term paper in particular will be a key element in achieving this goal. Lastly, I hope that, along with other upper-level courses, this seminar will offer a sensible (yet informal) introduction to psychological research methodology and research ethics. This objective will be met primarily through class discussions and some additional readings.

CANCELLED: 483 CAPSTONE: ECONOMICS Fairness Altruism (Dillenberger) The course is designed to be an essays technology, integrative experience, drawing on knowledge from economics and psychology to understand the role of fairness in custom toronto behavior. PPE 201/ECON 013 is a strict pre-requisite for this course. 401 (formerly PPE 299) Independent Study Permission needed from Department. Student arranges with a faculty member to pursue a research project on a suitable topic. For more information about research and setting up independent studies, visit: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/ppe/Requirements/PPEmajor/research.html. 402 Research in Philosophy, Politics Economics (PPE Post Docs) Led by articles essays technology postdoctoral fellows in the Philosophy, Politics and Economics program, this course teaches students how to conduct research in PPE with an emphasis on creating a well-formed research question, determining what kinds of data or scholarly research bears on that question, and how to carry out an interdisciplinary, research-driven project on that question. 498 (formerly PPE 301) Directed Honors Research Permission needed from Department.

Open only to senior majors in PPE. Student arranges with a faculty member to do an essays editorial, honors thesis on a suitable topic. For more information on honors visit: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/ppe/Requirements/honors.html. PPE 072 (HSOC 101, PHIL 072) Biomedical Ethics Society Sector (Gibbons) REC: F 10-11 AM, 11-12 NOON, 12 -1 PM or 1-2 PM.

A survey of moral problems in medicine and biomedical research. Problems discussed include: genetic manipulation, informed consent, infanticide, abortion, euthanasia, and the allocation of medical resources. Moral theory is presented with the aim of essays, enabling students to think critically and analytically about moral issues. The need for setting biomedical issues in broader humanistic perspective is stressed. PPE 153 (PSYC 253) Judgments Decisions College Quantitative Data Analysis (Royzman) Fulfills the College Quantitative Data Analysis Requirement.

Prerequisite(s): One semester of statistics OR microeconomics. LEC: R 5:30-8:30 PM (SAS) and T 6-9 PM (LPS) Thinking, judgment, and personal and societal decision making, with emphasis on fallacies and biases. PPE 202 (PSCI 236) Public Policy Process (Meredith) This course introduces students to accounting, the theories and practice of the articles essays policy-making process. French! There are four primary learning objectives. First, understanding how the structure of political institutions matter for the policies that they produce. Second, recognizing the constraints that policy makers face when making decisions on behalf of the public. Third, identifying the strategies that can be used to overcome these constraints.

Fourth, knowing the toolbox that available to participants in articles essays technology the policy-making process to help get their preferred strategies implemented. While our focus will primarily be on essay phrases, American political institutions, many of the essays technology ideas and topics discussed in the class apply broadly to other democratic systems of government. PPE 204 (PHIL 228) Philosophy of Social Science (TBA) REC: F: 10-11 AM, 11-12 NOON, 12-1 PM, or 1-2 PM. This course is about the foundations of contemporary social science. It focuses on the nature of social systems, the similarities and differences between social and natural sciences, the construction, analysis, and section confirmation of social theories, and the nature of social explanations. Specific topics may include: What are social norms and conventions? What does it mean to have one gender rather than another, or one sexual orientation rather than another? Should social systems be studied quantitatively or qualitatively?

PPE 299 Independent Study Permission needed from essays Department. Student arranges with a faculty member to pursue a program of reading and writing on a suitable topic. PPE 301 Directed Honors Research Permission needed from is more important than gre essay Department. Open only to articles essays technology, senior majors in PPE. Student arranges with a faculty member to do an honors thesis on a suitable topic. PPE 460 Research in Behavioral Ethics (Dimant) In reality, our understanding of different mechanisms and (economic) relationships is hampered by the lack of accounting msc thesis, data. More often than not, either the observation itself is difficult or the data is not reliable. Over the essays last decades, economic experiments have become a vital part of the scientific discourse, facilitating our understanding of the world we live in (much like in Biology, Chemistry, Physics or the like). Economic experiments allow exploring economic behavior under controlled conditions by generating observations under different experimental designs and controlled conditions.

Pioneering this field of research, Daniel Kahneman and custom essay writing Vernon Smith were awarded the Nobel memorial prize in recognition of their work on behavioral and experimental economics. In this course, we provide you with the methodology of how to develop a research idea and technology a proper experimental design that allows to explore this idea. Essentially, you will learn how to think about dilthey's dream essays on human nature and culture ideas, generate predictions, and how to use economic experiments to test them. PPE 475 Competitions and Competitive Behavior (Hart) Competitions constitute an important part of social and economic interactions, such as those between athletes, lawyers or developers. We will explore the psychological and articles essays technology physiological mechanisms behind competitive behavior, and its personal and essay writing societal implications. The course will involve readings and articles discussions, on experimental and empirical research.

We will explore the following topics, among others: How our brains and our society norms affect the intensity of competition; how the social context affects our willingness to compete and exert costly effort; the consequences of competitions for contestants’ profit, and for their subsequent behavior even beyond the competition itself (for example, how rivalry affects subsequent behavior). The course will illuminate different aspects of competitive behavior, providing a fresh angle on the benefits and drawbacks of competitions. PPE 475 Network Analysis (Sontuoso) This course addresses elements of results, Network Science as relevant for analyzing the connectedness of economic or, more generally, social phenomena. Essays Technology! Building on ideas from computer science, sociology and on human nature economics, the course will examine the properties of networked structures and the behavior of agents within these networks. The models presented in this course will aim to explain how such networked structures may determine phenomena including the spread of essays, ideas, social norms, market practices and dilthey's dream on human nature financial crises. (The course is designed for essays technology, an interdisciplinary audience and requires no theoretical prerequisites, but it will often present material drawn from formal disciplines.) PPE 475 Modelling Choice Behavior (Bhatia) This course will examine mathematical and computational models of individual choice behavior. It will cover modeling techniques from psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, and economics, and will apply these techniques to a range of diverse behavioral domains. This course will also examine closely related theories of learning, memory, and reaction time.

There are no theoretical prerequisites for this class, though students should have some familiarity with simple mathematics, statistics, or programming. PPE 475 Fairness Altruism (Dillenberger) The course is designed to be an integrative experience, drawing on knowledge from economics and psychology to essay phrases french, understand the articles essays technology role of fairness in behavior. PPE 201/ECON 013 is a strict pre-requisite for this course. PPE 475 Economics of Crime and Corruption: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Dimant) This is an essays, undergraduate research seminar tackling the topic of crime and essays corruption from an interdisciplinary perspective.

Our focus will lie on understanding the mechanism and motivation to engage in criminal and corrupt behavior from the viewpoint of, among others, economics, psychology, and criminology. Accounting Msc Thesis! Particular light will be shed on criminological theories explaining criminal behavior. Students will develop and apply this knowledge to a well-known criminal case. PPE 476 Thinking with Models (Funcke) The primary focus of the course is on understanding, designing, and analyzing simulation models.

Students will come away from the course prepared to apply these models in a wide variety of interesting contexts. This course focuses on (1) modern simulation-based metaheuristics and on (2) agent-based simulation models in the social sciences, especially in economic, in commercial and in strategic (game-theoretic) contexts. On the metaheuristic side, we focus on evolutionary computation, including genetic algorithms, as applied to constrained optimization problems, which are prevalent in business practice. Regarding (2), agent-based models are a relatively recent form of computer simulation that seek to articles essays technology, explain and predict complex social phenomena “from the bottom up”, through interactions of section for dissertation, comparatively simple agents. The course reviews experimental and theoretical results, and exposes the students to modern development environments for, as well as successful applications of, this form of simulation. A modest amount of programming will be expected of students. Technology! All required programming knowledge will, however, be covered, and accounting msc thesis covered gently, in articles the course. The class is msc thesis, intended to be taken by students without prior programming experience. Our programming environments will be NetLogo, which is surprisingly fun and used in both education and scientific research. 008 (PHIL 008) The Social Contract Society Sector (Freeman)

REC: F 10-11 AM, 11-12 NOON, and 12-1 PM. This is articles, a critical survey of the history of western modern political philosophy, beginning from the Early Modern period and concluding with the 19th or 20th Century. Our study typically begins with Hobbes and ends with Mill or Rawls. The organizing theme of our investigation will be the than idea of the Social Contract. We will examine different contract theories as well as criticisms and proposed alternatives to the contract idea, such as utilitarianism. Besides the above, examples of authors we will read are Locke, Rousseau, Hume, Mill and Marx. 036 (ECON 036) Law and Economics (Staff) Prerequisite(s): ECON 001 or ECON 010. Credit cannot be received for essays technology, both ECON 036 and 234. The relationship of essays editorial, economic principles to law and the use of economic analysis to study legal problems. Topics will include: property rights and essays technology intellectual property; analysis of antitrust and results for dissertation economic analysis of essays, legal decision making.

062 (RUSS 189) Soviet and Post-Soviet Economy (Vekker) All readings and lectures in English. 140 (CIS 140, COGS 001) Introduction to Cognitive Science (Ungar/Brainard) Fulfils the Formal Reasoning General Requirement for the College of Arts and Sciences. Prerequisite(s): An introductory course in Computer Science, Linguistics, Neuroscience, Philosophy or Psychology. REC: R 3-4 PM, R 4-5 PM, R 5-6 PM, R 6-7 PM, F 3-4 PM, F 4-5 PM, or F 5-6 PM.

How do minds work? This course surveys a wide range of answers to this question from disciplines ranging from philosophy to neuroscience. The course devotes special attention to the use of simple computational and mathematical models. Topics include perception, learning, memory, decision making, emotion and consciousness. 153 (PSYC 253) Judgments and cartoons Decisions (Royzman) Fulfills the College Quantitative Data Analysis Requirement. Prerequisite(s): One semester of statistics OR microeconomics. Thinking, judgment, and personal and societal decision making, with emphasis on articles, fallacies and biases. 201 (ECON 13) (formerly PPE 113): Strategic Reasoning (Dillenberger)

Prerequisite(s): Some high school algebra Econ 1. This course is about strategically interdependent decisions. In such situations, the outcome of your actions depends also on the actions of essay, others. When making your choice, you have to think what the technology others will choose, who in turn are thinking what you will be choosing, and so on. Dream Essays Nature! Game Theory offers several concepts and insights for understanding such situations, and for. making better strategic choices. This course will introduce and develop some basic ideas from game theory, using illustrations, applications, and cases drawn from business, economics, politics, sports, and even fiction and movies. Some interactive games will be played in class. There will be little formal theory, and the only pre-requisites are some high-school algebra and having taken Econ 1. However, general numeracy (facility interpreting and doing numerical graphs, tables, and arithmetic calculations) is very important. This course will also be accepted by the Economics department as an Econ course, to be counted toward the articles technology minor in Economics (or as an essay, Econ elective).

203 (PSYC 265) Behavioral Economics and articles essays technology Psychology (Bhatia) Prerequisite(s): ECON 1. This course will introduce you to the study of choice, and will examine in essays cartoons detail what we know about how people make choices, and how we can influence these choices. Articles! It will utilize insights from psychology and economics, and will apply these insights to domains including consumer choice, risky decision making, and essay french prosocial decision making. 232 (ECON 232) Political Economy (Staff) Prerequisite(s): ECON 101; MATH 104 and MATH 114 or MATH 115. Articles Essays Technology! ECON 103 is recommended. This course examines the political and economic determinants of government policies.

The course presents economic arguments for government action in the private economy. Is More Than Knowledge Gre Essay! How government decides policies via simple majority voting, representative legislatures, and executive veto and agenda-setting politics will be studied. Applications include government spending and redistributive policies. 299 Independent Study Permission needed from Department. Student arranges with a faculty member to pursue a program of reading and writing on a suitable topic. 301 Directed Honors Research Permission needed from Department. Open only to essays technology, senior majors in PPE. Student arranges with a faculty member to do an honors thesis on a suitable topic. 475 Economics of Crime and Corruption: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Dimant)

This is an undergraduate research seminar tackling the topic of essays cartoons, crime and corruption from an interdisciplinary perspective. Our focus will lie on understanding the mechanism and motivation to engage in articles technology criminal and corrupt behavior from the results section viewpoint of, among others, economics, psychology, and criminology. Essays Technology! Particular light will be shed on msc thesis, criminological theories explaining criminal behavior. Students will develop and apply this knowledge to essays, a well-known criminal case. 475 Public Choice and Public Policy (Sontuoso) This course applies Public Choice theory to is more important than knowledge, the analysis of contemporary policy issues: specifically, it aims to provide an accessible introduction to technology, the analytical tools of economics as applied to the study of the essay writing services toronto behavior of individual actors in the governmental sector. Each class will review some positive theoretical framework(s), such as the articles essays foundations of the custom essay rational choice theory, approaches to the aggregation of preferences, strategic behavior, voting methods, accounts of cooperation, collective action, public goods, and articles technology institutions.

The last part of each class will then critically apply theoretical knowledge to relevant contemporary policy issues, including current debates on governmental decision-making processes in the US and EU, lobbying in democracies, international security, greenhouse gas reduction, etc. Note: part of the program contains a theoretical (formal) component. 475 Trust and Deception (Hart) Social interactions such as coalition formation, negotiation and bargaining, as well as day-to-day interactions between individuals, all involve the ability to mask, and uncover, non-cooperative intentions: Social norms, business etiquette, and common courtesy often compel people to mask selfish intentions. The seminar will describe theories and research findings regarding trustworthiness and its counterpart, deception. We will discuss the nature of is more than, trust and distrust; examine signals that may convey cooperative and deceptive intentions and people's ability to essays technology, detect such signals; and explore the consequences of trust, distrust and deception in different contexts. 475 Modeling of Social Phenomena (Funcke) During the 20th century social science, and in particular economics, went through a process of increased formalization. The period produced a library of models of social phenomena, many competing ones.

In this course we will briefly browse the library, with the intention to explore classical theoretical perspectives of essays editorial, what is a better model and ponder how increased normalization affects the social sciences. In the second part of the course we will engage in simple mathematical modeling of social phenomena. Articles Essays Technology! As a group we will iteratively criticize and refine a model, study its implications and sketch strategies for testing it. 475 (PHIL 359) Social Norms (Bicchieri) This is an undergraduate research seminar covering interdisciplinary research in psychology, philosophy, sociology and behavioral economics related to social norms.

Social norms are informal institutions that regulate social life. We will devote particular attention to the following questions: What is essay phrases, a good, operational definition of social norms? Is there a difference between social and moral norms? How can we measure whether a norm exists, and the conditions under which individuals are likely to comply with it? Are behavioral experiments a good tool to answer question 3? How do norms emerge? How are norms abandoned? What is the role of trendsetters in essays technology norm dynamics? 475 (PSYC 478) Obedience (Royzman) Though almost half a century old, Milgram’s 1961-1962 studies of imagination is more than, “destructive obedience” continue to puzzle, fascinate, and alarm.

The main reason for their continued grip on the field’s attention (other than the boldness of the technology idea and elegance of execution) may be simply that they leave us with a portrait of human character that is radically different from the one that we personally wish to endorse or that the wider culture teaches us to accept. In this seminar, we will take an in-depth look at these famous studies (along with the more recent replications) and explore their various psychological, political and philosophical ramifications. As with other seminars, this course has a number of intellectual goals that go far beyond simply rarifying one’s understanding of essay phrases, a particular content area (important and generative as it may be). One such a goal is to enable you to think critically (though not disparagingly) about other people’s research and theoretical claims that ensue from it, all with the hope that you can then apply the self-same critical acumen to your own future work. Second, I hope that our interactions throughout the course will offer a hospitable environment for developing (and exchanging) creative ideas of your own.

Your work on your individual reaction papers and on the term paper in particular will be a key element in achieving this goal. Lastly, I hope that, along with other upper-level courses, this seminar will offer a sensible (yet informal) introduction to psychological research methodology and articles essays technology research ethics. Services Toronto! This objective will be met primarily through class discussions and some additional readings. Summer Session 1: TR: 9 AM - 12:50 PM. The course studies the essays technology fundamental principles of decision-making and applies them to a variety of social activities. Essay Phrases French! The decision-making is analyzed in terms of its uncertainty, rationality, effectiveness, and normative connotations. Essays Technology! After the essays editorial cartoons notion of rationality is introduced, rational decisions are scrutinized as individual choices that may or may not affect other individuals and technology their choices. In some situations the choices are predictable with high probability, in others with high uncertainty. The nature of results for dissertation, situations influences the mode of rationality applied.

In the game theoretical situations, for instance, the efefctive choice must reach an equilibrium, i.e. a mutual solution acception for all rational participants. The course reevises the theory and provides applicaitons to cases of cooperation, defection, resoluteness, etc. as well as complex cases. Articles Essays! Possible references for the course are Amaratya Sen, Itzhak Gilboa and dilthey's dream essays on human nature Davide Kreps. This course may be used to count towards the PPE 201 Strategic Reasoning Common Core Requirement. Summer Session 2: TR: 1:15 PM - 5:05 PM. Political competition is an essays, important topic to study and understand because it may have consequences for a country, its international relations and its performance. The aim of the course is to cartoons, introduce the students to what is political competition, how political competition and market competition differ, to measurement issues and to essays, use data and methodological techniques available to investigate the importance of political competition within and across countries. During the course the theory explained will be accompanied by examples and articles that will help to clarify the concepts, to understand how to use available data to essay phrases, study political competition and its effects on e.g. Essays! economic performance of countries.

Our societyindeed, your everyday lifeis fundamentally shaped by risk. At least that’s what many prominent social theorists think and, after this course, I bet you’ll think that, too. Humanity has been attempting to predict and control the essay services future since ancient times, but thinking about decisions in terms of risk is a relatively new way of seeing the world. Articles! For much of imagination is more important than knowledge, human history, people looked to gods for signs about the future and articles saw disasters as divine retribution for the transgressions of the past. But as the scientific thought of the Enlightenment eroded deterministic thinking, the natural and on human nature social world came to articles essays technology, be seen as uncertain and random, but with patterns that could mathematically be developed into probabilities. Msc Thesis! Such statistical thinking about costs and benefits came to shape everything from gambling to articles, public health and birthed whole fields and essay services industries from actuarial science to essays, personalized genomics. In each class we will study a single keyword related to our core conceptsrisk, disaster, and predictionand in each investigation we will analyze the keyword’s meaning, its history, and how it functions in the social world. This course will offer you a conceptual and dilthey's dream nature historical understanding of the industries of risk and disaster and articles essays technology will give you the tools to critically assess technologies of prediction. This is a fully online course.

In many ways the course is like an on-campus courseit maintains the same rigor as the on-campus version and you are still expected to “meet” at accounting specific times and to turn in articles assignments on specific dates. Msc Thesis! However, our “meetings” will be virtual and will take place in a video conferencing system called New_Row. Before each class you are expected to watch short pre-recorded videos that introduce that class’s keyword, present a case history, and set up the articles overarching questions for the live session. Additionally, you are expected to participate on our course site’s discussion board (more below). It will be the same amount of work as the toronto on-campus versionno more, no lessbut you will be able to take it from anywhere in the country or the world (so long as you have a stable Internet connection). The following are the set of articles essays, courses which originate in PPE or are cross-listed by PPE. In case of any doubt about the current state of any course, please contact PPE before planning your schedule of classes. Note: These are only the classes crosslisted with or run by knowledge PPE. Additional classes may be taken to articles essays, fulfill common foundation and thematic elective courses. Common Foundation Courses, Crosslisted with PPE.

For other Common Foundation Courses offered Spring 2016 visit the Common Foundations Page. PPE 008 (PHIL 008) The Social Contract (B) Society Sector (Tan) REC: F 10-11 AM, 11-12 NOON, 12-1 P M, or 1-2 PM. This course examines the phrases history and significance of social contract doctrine for modern social and articles essays technology political thought. In particular, the works of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, J.J. Rousseau, and John Rawls will be studied. We also study the utilitarian critique of social contract doctrine and the utilitarian views of accounting, David Hume, Adam Smith, J.S. Mill, and essays technology Karl Marx's criticism of liberal-democratic justice.

This course is an custom writing services toronto, introduction to many of the major figures in modern political philosophy. PPE 072 (PHIL 072, HSOC 101) Biomedical Ethics Society Sector (Gibbons) REC: F 11-12 NOON or 12 -1 PM. Bioethics is an important and revealing area of study for at least two reasons. First, the questions raised within bioethics speak to universal human concerns. We are all touched in some way or other by the practical and essays moral challenges raised by illness, disability, conception, birth, and death. Results Section! But, second, although the issues raised within bioethics are intensely personal and practical, they also reflect philosophical concerns taken up within ethical theory, such as questions about articles essays technology moral status, autonomy, truth-telling and justice. A central theme running throughout this course is the relationship between ethical theory, on the one hand, and the actual practices and experiences of facing choices about health and mortality, on the other.

We will discuss a number of particular bioethical challenges faced by accounting ordinary people, including abortion, treatment for severely disabled newborns, reproductive technology, confidentiality, informed consent, advance directives, euthanasia, assisted suicide, and distributive justice within the articles essays technology health care system. As we explore these issues, we will not shy away from the more abstract philosophical questions they raise, just as we will consider how actual practical challenges serve as crucial test cases for ethical theories. Students will be responsible for producing a series of writing assignments, completing a number of worksheets and exams, and actively contributing to class discussion. PPE 073 (PHIL 073) Being Human (Gibbons) This course examines some of the essays editorial central theoretical and applied questions of ethics. For example, what is the articles essays good life? By what measure or principles do we evaluate the rightness and wrongness of actions? How does ethical reasoning help us understand and address real world problems such as world hunger, social injustice, sex and race discrimination, allocation of scarce resources and dream essays on human and culture the like. The course can be organized around an applied topic or practical issue such as global ethics, just war, biomedical ethics or environmental ethics.

PPE 153 (PSYC 253) Judgments Decisions College Quantitative Data Analysis Req. (Royzman) Prerequisite(s): One semester of statistics OR microeconomics. LEC: R 5:30-8:30 PM (SAS) or T 6-9 PM (LPS) Thinking, judgment, and personal and technology societal decision making, with emphasis on essay phrases french, fallacies and articles biases. PPE 202/PSCI 236 The Public Policy Process (Levendusky) LEC: MW 11-12 NOON.

REC: W 2-3 PM, W 3-4 PM, R 9-10 AM, R 3-4 PM, R 4:30-5:30 PM, OR F 11-12 NOON. This course integrates economic, ethical and political perspectives. It examines competing theories, models, and analytical frameworks for understanding policymaking. The course will focus on: 1. How public problems are framed and described; 2. Essays Cartoons! What criteria are useful in essays technology developing and editorial assessing policy choices; and 3. How policy choices and outcomes are mediated and influenced by individuals, organizations and articles technology political institutions. PPE 203/PSYC 265 Behavioral Economics and Psychology (Bhatia) Prerequisite(s): ECON 1. LEC: TR 12-1:30 PM. This course applies psychological research to economic theory, investigating what happens when agents have human limitations and complications. The effects of limited cognitive capacities, willpower, and self-interest will be considered.

PPE 204/Phil 228 Philosophy of Social Science (Krut-Landau) Prerequisite(s): Econ 1, Econ 2, Phil 8, PPE 201. REC: F 10-11 AM, 11-12 NOON, 12-1 PM, or 1-2 PM. This course explores some crucial foundational issues of contemporary social science. It focuses on various types of explanation, the construction of social models, and their validation. Specific topics will include: 1. Essays! Rational choice models (including game-theoretic ones) and alternative models of bounded rationality; 2. Experimental models in technology economics and psychology and whether they present a radical departure from dilthey's dream on human and culture traditional economic models; 3. Evolutionary models of the emergence of institutions, and agent-based simulations of such dynamics. In particular, we will explore theoretical and empirical models of trust, reciprocity, cooperation and fairness, asking what motivates individuals to articles technology, engage in essays editorial pro-social behavior and articles essays how such behavior can emerge and persist. This course will cover some of the material presented in other Core courses, with particular attention to foundational and explanatory issues that are not usually discussed in a typical social science course. Potential Thematic Concentration Courses, crosslisted with PPE. PPE 225/PHIL 226/PHIL 521 Philosophy of Biology Natural Science Math Sector (Weisberg) REC: R 10-11 AM, F 11-12 NOON.

This course consists of a detailed examination of evolutionary theory and its philosophical foundations. The course begins with a consideration of Darwin's formulation of evolutionary theory and the main influences on Darwin. We will then consider two contemporary presentations of the theory Richard Dawkins' and Richard Lewontin's. The remainder of the course will deal with a number of foundational issues and may include discussions of accounting, adaptation, what constitutes a species, whether there is evolutionary progress, and the concept of articles essays technology, fitness. We will also discuss the units of selection, the alleged reduction of phrases, classical genetics to essays technology, molecular genetics, and on human the possibility of grounding ethics in evolutionary theory. PHIL 273 Ethics in the Professions: Business Ethics (Sinderbrand)

Is abortion wrong? Or euthanasia? Are we justified in eating animals? Why, or why not? We will explore these and other life and death problems in a systematic way, seeing how the reasons we give in answer to one question may influence what we can consistently say about others.

PPE 275/PSYC 275 Political Psychology (Tetlock) LEC: R 1:30-4:30 PM. This course will explore psychological approaches to understanding political beliefs, attitudes, and actions at the levels of both individual citizens and national leaders. It will also explore the possibility that psychological science itself is essays technology, not immune to the political debates swirling around it. Specific topics will include: the custom writing toronto workings of belief systems (and their power to shape what we see), cognitive biases (and their power to technology, cause miscalculations), sacred values and their role in stabilizing belief systems and social interaction, personality and ideology (the linkages between the personal and the political), and clashing conceptions of morality and essay writing distributive and articles essays corrective justice (striking variations among people in what they consider to be fair). We shall also explore some topics that have sparked controversy in dilthey's dream essays on human and culture the psychological research literature and that tend to polarize opinion along political lines, including work on intelligence and unconscious bias. PPE 277 (PHIL 277) Justice, Law and Morality (Freeman)

REC: F 10-11 AM, F 11-12 NOON, F 12-1 PM, F 1-2 PM. In this course we will focus on the philosophical background to the exercise of legitimate political power and the bases for individuals' constitutional rights under the U.S. Constitution. The course will concentrate on 1st Amendment freedom of religion, freedom of speech and expression, and freedom association; the 14th Amendment guarantee of liberty and due process, including the right of articles essays, privacy, abortion, and results section for dissertation the right to die; the technology equal protection clause and its bearing on affirmative action and equal political rights; and the Takings and Contract clauses and their relationship to rights of private property and economic freedom. We will read Supreme Court decisions concerning these and other issues, in conjunction with works by John Locke on religious toleration, J.S. Mill on liberty, and Ronald Dworkin, Cass Sunstein, and other political and legal theorists. PPE 299 Independent Study Permission needed from Department. Student arranges with a faculty member to pursue a program of reading and french writing on a suitable topic. PPE 301 Directed Honors Research Permission needed from Department.

Open only to senior majors in articles technology PPE. Student arranges with a faculty member to do an honors thesis on a suitable topic. NURS 830: Conducting Research in Global Women's Health (Teitelman) - Course Flyer. The course focuses on critical examination of theoretical and methodological issues pertaining to research on women and girls conducted around the dilthey's on human nature world across disciplines. A focused and intensive exploration of articles technology, place as it pertains to women and girls in formal and informal structures of health care delivery as those needing and/or seeking health care, and as those providing health care to others. We will examine multiple dimensions and qualities of these endeavors (e.g. activity, power, control, visibility, value, and remuneration) and the intersection of essays editorial, gender and health - locally, globally and across borders. Articles Technology! We will focus our examination on the implications of seeking and providing health care for women’s and girls’ health and well-being. By examining issues in local and essays editorial global contexts and across geographical boundaries, we will have the articles technology opportunity to challenge gendered, class, political, and important than cultural assumptions related to women’s health. Technology! Invited guest speakers will highlight examples of research in global women’s health representing multiple disciplinary perspectives.

PPE 475-301: Competitions and Competitive Behavior (Hart) Competitions constitute an important part of social and economic interactions, such as those between athletes, lawyers or developers. Essays On Human! We will explore the psychological and articles physiological mechanisms behind competitve behavior, and section its personal and societal implications. The course will involve readings and discussions on experimental and empirical research. We will explore the following topics, among others; How our brains and our society norms affect the intensity of competition; how the social context affects our willingness to compete and exert costly effort; the consequences of competitions for contestants' profit, and for their subsequent behavior - even beyond the competition itself (for example, how rivalry affects subsequent behavior). The course will illuminate different aspects of competitive behavior, providing a fresh angle on articles, the benefits and drawbacks of competitions. PPE 475-302: Network Analysis (Sontuoso)

This course addresses elements of Network Science as relevant for analyzing the section connectedness of economic or, more generally, social phenomena. Building on ideas from computer science, sociology and essays economics, the course will examine the properties of networked structures and the behavior of agents within these networks: the models presented in this course will aim at explaining how such networked structures may determine phenomena including the spread of on human nature, ideas, social norms, market practices and financial crises. (The course is designed for an interdisciplinary audience and technology requires no theoretical prerequisites, but it will often present material drawn from formal disciplines.) PPE 475-303: Resource Allocation and American Political Institutions (Miller) SEM: TR 10:30-12 NOON. This course will focus on the ways in which institutions channel decision-making processes by individuals and groups. David Easton once defined politics as “the process that determines the authoritative allocation of values.” Institutionsin the form of rules, procedures, and normsgive structure to this process of cartoons, allocation. We'll explore the main theories used to explain the articles essays technology emergence and evolution of political institutions, and how they are used to custom toronto, resolve problems of collective action and resource allocation. With this foundation in place, the latter part of the course will examine the purpose and performance of a particular institution: redistricting commissions. Essays Technology! We'll consider the context in which these commissions operate and how these commissions compare to alternative redistricting authorities. The final portion of the class will involve a simulation in which groups of students will construct a district map and essays advocate for its adoption. PPE 475-304: Fairness and Altruism (Dillenberger)

The course is designed to be an integrative experience, drawing on knowledge from economics and articles technology psychology to understand the role of fairness in behavior. PPE 475-305: Economics of Corruption: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Dimant) This is an undergraduate research seminar tackling the dilthey's dream on human topic of corruption from an interdisciplinary perspective. Our focus will lie on technology, understanding the mechanism and french motivation to engage in corrupt behavior from the viewpoint of, among others, economics, psychology, and criminology. Particular light will be shed on criminological theories explaining criminal behavior in general. Students will develop and apply this knowledge to articles, the specific case of corruption. Understanding the underlying mechanism of such illicit behavior will facilitate our understanding of both the antecedents and effects of corruption. Students will capitalize on editorial cartoons, this knowledge and apply it to recent and prominent corruption cases both on the business (including FIFA, Siemens, Pfizer and the like) and society level (including recent events in Russia and China). PPE 476-301: Thinking with Models (Funcke) The primary focus of the course is on essays technology, understanding, designing, and analyzing simulation models.

Students will come away from the course prepared to apply these models in a wide variety of interesting contexts. This course focuses on (1) modern simulation-based metaheuristics and on (2) agent-based simulation models in the social sciences, especially in economic, in commercial and in strategic (game-theoretic) contexts. On the metaheuristic side, we focus on msc thesis, evolutionary computation, including genetic algorithms, as applied to constrained optimization problems, which are prevalent in business practice. Regarding (2), agent-based models are a relatively recent form of computer simulation that seek to articles, explain and predict complex social phenomena “from the bottom up”, through interactions of comparatively simple agents. The course reviews experimental and theoretical results, and exposes the students to modern development environments for, as well as successful applications of, this form of simulation. A modest amount of programming will be expected of students. All required programming knowledge will, however, be covered, and covered gently, in the course. The class is intended to be taken by students without prior programming experience. Our programming environments will be NetLogo, which is surprisingly fun and used in both education and scientific research.

The following are the set of essay phrases french, courses which originate in PPE or are cross-listed by PPE. In case of any doubt about the current state of any course, please contact PPE before planning your schedule of classes. Note: These are only the classes crosslisted with or run by PPE. Essays Technology! Additional classes may be taken to fulfill common foundation and thematic elective courses. New Class that may be of Interest: LAW 992-401 Ethics, National Security and the Rule of Law (Finkelstein) Theme.

This full year seminar will meet every other week for a full year, allowing students to dilthey's dream, develop a publishable seminar paper on essays, an interdisciplinary topic relating to the ethical or legal status of an aspect of national security policy. We will begin with readings relating to dilthey's dream on human, the foundations of just war theory, both classical and contemporary in essays technology nature. We will then address a number of topics relating to current debates in national security policy, such as the legitimacy and legality of recent surveillance practices, the ethics of leaks, defense strategies such as the expanding use of drone warfare, the implications of new weaponry such as autonomous weapons systems and other robotic-based technologies, the accounting msc thesis current extent and nature of classification practices and debates about transparency and secrecy in government, the threat of articles essays, novel forms of war such as cyberwar, biological warfare, the nature of the Presidential war-making power, the role of the section other branches in government in participating in war-related decisions, and related themes. In addition to preparing a seminar-length paper for publication, students will engage in teams with the work of the Center for Ethics and the Rule of essays technology, Law (CERL), participating in its two major conferences during the 2015-16 academic year. Class meetings will take place over results section, served or brown bag lunches every other week, and will feature both outside speakers and student presentations featuring work-in-progress. Articles! Students will have an opportunity to dream on human nature and culture, advance their knowledge of current debates in national security as well as develop their professional writing skills through close consultation with the articles technology instructor and other students, as well as by interacting with invited guests on topics of imagination, common interest. Students are expected to attend CERL’s major events during the academic year. The fall conference (December 3-5) will address the moral and legal aspects of combat trauma prevention and treatment. The spring conference (April 14 16) will address the ethics of negotiation, focusing on articles technology, negotiations in a national security context, such as the nuclear weapons reduction negotiations with Iran, the morality and legality of negotiating with hostage-takers, and the legitimacy of negotiating with unlawful combatant groups in asymmetrical warfare.

Students will receive three credits; 1.5 credits in the fall and accounting 1.5 credits in the spring. Writing credit offered for qualifying papers. Undergraduates by permission of instructor only. PPE 008 (PHIL 008) The Social Contract (Noah) This course examines the essays technology history and significance of writing toronto, social contract doctrine for modern social and political thought. Articles! In particular, the works of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, J.J. Rousseau, and John Rawls will be studied. Results! We also study the utilitarian critique of social contract doctrine and the utilitarian views of David Hume, Adam Smith, J.S. Mill, and Karl Marx's criticism of liberal-democratic justice. This. course is an introduction to many of the major figures in modern political philosophy.

PPE 073 (PHIL 073) Ethics and the Environment (Santana) In this course, we examine the philosophical underpinnings of environmentalism by considering important cases such as climate change, biodiversity loss, and non-human animal welfare. We will focus chiefly on questions related to environmental values: What sorts of articles essays technology, values motivate environmentalism? Who or what is the source of those values? How can we assess environmental values in situations of on human nature and culture, trade-off or value conflict? We will look for articles technology, answers to the questions in tradittional ethical theories such as utilitarianism, deontology and dilthey's dream and culture virtue ethics as well as from environment-specific theoretical frameworks, such as conservation biology, eco-feminism, eco-theology and environmental economics. Students shoud leave the course prepared to engage in sophisticated and rigorous reasoning and discussion about environmental issues. No prior experience with philosophy is assumed.

PPE 153 (PSYC 253)Judgments and Decisions College Quantitative Data Analysis Req. (Royzman) Judgments, decisions under certainty and uncertainty, problem solving, logic, rationality, and moral thinking. PPE 201 (ECON 13) (formerly PPE 113): Strategic Reasoning Offered in Fall (Dillenberger) Prerequisite(s): Econ 1. This course is about strategically interdependent decisions. In such situations, the outcome of your actions depends also on the actions of others. When making your choice, you have to think what the technology others will choose, who in turn are thinking what you will be choosing, and so on.

Game Theory offers several concepts and insights for understanding such situations, and for making better strategic choices. This course will introduce and is more important than knowledge develop some basic ideas from game theory, using illustrations, applications, and cases drawn from business, economics, politics, sports, and even fiction and movies. Essays! Some interactive games will be played in class. There will be little formal theory, and custom writing toronto the only technology pre-requisites are some high-school algebra and having taken Econ 1. Results For Dissertation! However, general numeracy (facility interpreting and doing numerical graphs, tables, and arithmetic calculations) is very important. This course will also be accepted by the Economics department as an Econ course, to be counted toward the Minor in essays technology Economics (or as an Econ elective). Potential Thematic Electives, crosslisted with PPE:

PPE 036 (ECON 36) Law and results for dissertation Economics (Garcia-Jimeno) Prerequisite(s): ECON 001 and 002. Credit cannot be received for both ECON 036 and 234. The relationship of economic principles to law and the use of economic analysis to study legal problems. Topics will include: property rights and intellectual property; analysis of technology, antitrust and economic analysis of custom essay writing, legal decision making. PPE 062 (RUSS 189) Soviet and essays Post-Soviet Economy (Vekker) All readings and lectures in English.

PPE 140 (CIS 140) Introduction to Cognitive Science (Ungar/Brainard) Prerequisite(s): An introductory course in Computer Science, Linguistics, Neuroscience, Philosophy or Psychology. How do minds work? This course surveys a wide range of answers to this question from disciplines ranging from philosophy to neuroscience. The course devotes special attention to the use of simple computational and mathematical models. Topics include perception, learning, memory, decision making, emotion and consciousness. PPE 244 (Phil 244) Introduction to Philosophy of Mind (Miracchi)

This course will survey several central topics in phrases french philosophy of mind, as well as investigating how philosophy of the mind interacts with scientific study of the mind. Among the questions we'll be asking are: What is it to have a mind? What is the essays relationship between the mind and custom services the brain? Can there be a science of the mind? What can it tell us?

What can philosophy contribute to a science of the articles mind? What is consciousness? What is is more gre essay, it to think, to perceive, to act? How are perception, thought, and essays action related to one another? . PPE 271 (PHIL 271) Global Justice (Tan) This course is an introduction to some of the central problems in global justice. Some of the topics that we will examine include realism, human rights, sovereignty and intervention economic justice, and french war and morality. We will look at questions such as: Is it coherent to talk about global justice, or is the global arena essentially a Hobbesian state of nature? In what sense are human rights universal?

Is the articles technology idea of universal rights compatible with the section for dissertation political sovereignty of states? What is the articles essays basis of this duty? What is a just war? What is terrorism, and what are the custom moral limits in combating terrorism? Can a state engage in military intervention to defend human rights in articles a foreign country? Readings will be draw from contemporary authors such as Rawls, Walzer, and Sen, as well as historical figures like Kant and Hobbes. This course examines some of the common problems in global justice. We will look at questions such as: What is the relationship between justice and national/state boundaries? Should distributive principles be limited to states or should they have global application?

What is a just war? What is the difference between war and terrorism? Do states have the right (or even duty) to intervene in another state to imagination knowledge gre essay, protect basic human rights? What are human rights? Are they universal, or should they be limited by articles essays technology cultural considerations? By Permit or Approval : 290 Topics applicable for Choice and Behavior Theme taken outside Penn. 291 Topics applicable for Distributive Justice Theme taken outside Penn. 292 Topics applicable for Globalization Theme taken outside Penn. 293 Topics applicable for Public Policy and Governance Theme taken outside Penn. 294 Topics applicable for Ethics and Professions Theme taken outside Penn.

298 Study Abroad. 299 Independent Study. Student arranges with a faculty member to custom services toronto, pursue a program of reading and writing on a suitable topic. 301 Directed Honors Research. Open only to senior majors in PPE. Student arranges with a faculty member to do an honors thesis on articles essays technology, a suitable topic. PPE 475-301 Economics of Crime and Corruption: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Dimant) This is an undergraduate research seminar tackling the topic of crime and corruption from an editorial cartoons, interdisciplinary perspective. Essays Technology! Our focus will lie on understanding the mechanism and motivation to engage in criminal and corrupt behavior from the viewpoint of, among others, economics, psychology, and criminology. Particular light will be shed on criminological theories explaining criminal behavior.

Students will develop and apply this knowledge to a well-known criminal case. PPE 475-302 Public Choice and Public Policy (Sontuoso) This course applies Public Choice theory to the analysis of contemporary policy issues: while maintaining an interdisciplinary nature, it aims at providing an section, introduction to the analytical tools of economics as applied to the study of current issues in political science. Essays Technology! Each class will begin with a survey of some positive theoretical framework(s), including the foundations of the rational choice theory, approaches to the aggregation of preferences, strategic behavior, voting methods, accounts of results for dissertation, cooperation, collective action, public goods, and institutions. The last part of each class will then critically apply theoretical knowledge to technology, relevant contemporary policy issues, including current debates on governmental decision-making processes in custom toronto the US and EU, lobbying in democracies, international security, state capacity and implementation, greenhouse gas reduction, etc. Note: part of the program contains a theoretical (formal) component. PPE 475-303 Electoral Systems and essays technology Decision Making (Miller) Electoral systems are processes by which votes cast in an election are translated into imagination is more gre essay seats in a legislature. As such, these systems can have a profound effect on public policy and party systems.

This course examines majoritarian, proportional, and articles mixed electoral systems in terms of how these institutions translate votes into seats and can incentivize strategic or genuine choices by voters when casting a ballot. Related topics of agenda setting and coalition formation will also be addressed in the course. We'll start with an overview of the mechanics of these systems and then turn to classic political questions of custom essay writing, party competition, resource allocation, and interest representation as they relate to how these systems operate in a comparative context. 475-304 Mathematical Modeling of Social Phenomena (Funcke) During the 20th century social science, and in particular economics, went through a process of increased formalization. The period produced a library of essays, models of social phenomena, many competing ones. In this course we will briefly browse the library, with the intention to explore classical theoretical perspectives of what is dream essays on human, a better model and ponder how increased normalization affects the social sciences. Essays Technology! In the second part of the course we will engage in simple mathematical modeling of social phenomena. As a group we will iteratively criticize and msc thesis refine a model, study its implications and sketch strategies for testing it.

PPE 475-305 Trust, Lies Videotape (Hart) The seminar will describe theories and research findings regarding trustworthiness and its counterpart, deception. We will discuss signals that may convey cooperative and deceptive intentions, and essays technology people's ability to detect them in accounting different situations and paradigms. Further, we will discuss the consequences of articles essays technology, trust, distrust and deception. Each week, students will be asked to read one or two papers, write a short critique paragraph and essays cartoons participate in articles technology a class discussion. At the end of the semester, students will write a research proposal pertaining to the course topics. PPE 475-306 Ethical Issues in Globalization (Lister)

The process of globalization includes increased interaction among, and interdependence between, the states of the world and the people living in them. It also includes the development of new international and trans-national bodies, both governmental and non-governmental. Dream Essays! This increased interaction and interdependence, and the development of new institutions, give rise to technology, many new and important ethical issues. These will be among the most important issues for the 21st century. In this class we will consider such questions as fairness in the international economy (including trade and essays cartoons labor standards); international labor migration and “brain drain”; duties to articles, promote development in less-developed countries; whether and imagination knowledge when the debt burdens of less-developed or burdened countries should be forgiven; and how we might address shared burdens relating to the environment. The class will look in particular at the aspects of these issues relevant to moral and political philosophy, though we will also consider economic and other social scientific perspectives when this proves useful. The seminar will be based on reading and discussion [not lecture!] of a number of recent important texts on these issues. The majority of the essays course grade will be based on a significant paper due at the end of the semester, though there will likely be a small number of very short reaction papers assigned through the semester as well. PPE 475-402 (HIST 455) Risk and Society (Wiggins) Since at least Herodotus, historians have been writing about humanity’s attempts to predict dangers and control futures. But while a concern for accounting msc thesis, the future and strategies to essays technology, mitigate accidents have existed for dilthey's dream and culture, much of recorded time, the concept of risk is a relatively young construction, emerging only in early modernity.

In this course, we investigate the concept of the risk in essays order to editorial, understand how it became a central organizing force in articles the modern periodperhaps even the defining characteristic of modernityand, importantly, how it came to dilthey's and culture, be seen as manageable. In the course’s first unit, we read the foundational materials of the articles essays technology theory of the “risk society”Ulrich Beck and Anthony Giddens’ early work. Then, in unit 2, move to selections from historians of msc thesis, knowledge who trace the epistemic shifts that developed modern concepts of risk and eventually opened the possibility for articles essays technology, its management through the use of statistical probabilities. While the dream and culture most critical developments in the conception of risk took place in Europe across the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, unit 3 moves across the Atlantic to investigate the ways in which risk and, especially the desire to mitigate it, shaped the United States. In this unit (our largest of the course), we will see how risk assessment and management grew into the largest business in the world. Essays! Here, we will look at statistics, actuarial science, insurance, speculation, and results section for dissertation financial capital.

Along the way, we will see many instances in which categories of identityrace, class, gender, sexuality, abilityare tied deeply into the business of discriminating risk. Finally, the essays technology concluding unit reassesses the concept of the risk society through the recent past and possible futures as it considers catastrophic threats that remain pressingnuclear war, chemical waste, genetic engineering, global climate change, and systemic financial collapse. *To ask about using courses outside the College towards the phrases PPE major, please contact the Associate Director.

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It's important to identify which of your skill sets are valuable to another field, and in what capacity. I can rattle off a list of common skills that are easily transferable to articles a variety industries and functions €” problem-solving, strategic thinking, strong written or oral communication, people management, innovation, negotiation, etc. €” but it gets trickier when you're considering a switch from a very specialized role to a completely different field. In these cases, talk to people who work in the industries that interest you. Dilthey's Essays Nature And Culture? Once they have a good understanding of your background and strengths, they'll be able to provide insight into which roles in articles technology their field might be relevant to you. 3. Accounting? This resume sells what the job seeker has to offer. . Technology? Hazel is a technical recruiter seeking a position selling recruiting software to essay corporations, so her extensive knowledge of the articles essays recruitment process and her experience using and training others on various social recruiting platforms and applicant tracking systems work is emphasized in her professional summary and highlighted throughout the rest of her resume. 4. The job seeker's experience is repackaged into terms that her target prospective employers will understand. . Wherever possible, this job seeker's experience was translated into results for dissertation sales terminology, says Augustine. For example, the terms 'clients' or 'internal clients' were used to describe the articles essays hiring managers. Candidates were turned into prospects or potential leads.

In her list of core competencies, 'Hazel' used sales keywords such as 'lifecycle management' and 'pipeline management,' leaving out the terms that would make these competencies recruiter-specific (i.e. 'recruitment process lifecycle' and 'candidate pipeline'). . Every field has its own acronyms and essay writing, terminology. It's your job to figure out how to translate your experience and past successes into terms that resonate with your new target audience. Subscribe to essays technology industry-specific publications, conduct informational interviews, and start attending events that are relevant to your target field to gain this insight, and update your resume accordingly. 5. This resume is concise and only includes relevant information. . Even though the job seeker has over six years of essays editorial cartoons experience and has worked in at least three positions, her resume is only one page long. Essays Technology? Her earlier positions only contain small blurbs about her work with a couple achievements highlighted, Augustine notes. Rather than listing out a laundry list of phrases french your skills and experience, carefully select the accomplishments and responsibilities that will support your current career objectives. 6. The job seeker's major contributions and achievements are quantified . . Essays? Include numbers whenever possible, whether you're describing the size of your budget, the number of events you helped organize, or the accounting number of people you managed, to demonstrate your value to the employer. 7. The job seeker included non-work related skills and activities. . Hazel listed her membership in Toastmasters, since employers value good communication skills in technology their sales employees. Showcase any memberships to section professional associations, volunteer work, internships, or other extracurricular activities that allowed you to either leverage relevant skills or exposed you to your target field or industry, Augustine says.. SEE ALSO: This Is An Ideal Resume For A Mid-Level Employee.

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If an alternative price and/or delivery time offered to the Customer is unacceptable, the UK Study Help will refund any payment made by the Customer in articles respect of section, that order. In the event that the Customer is not satisfied that the Work meets the essays technology, quality standard they have ordered, the Customer will have the remedies available to them as set out in this agreement The Customer is imagination than knowledge, not permitted to make direct contact with the Assignment Editing Expert — the UK Study Help will act as an intermediary between the Customer and essays technology, the Assignment Editing Expert. The agreement between the Customer and imagination important than knowledge, the UK Study Help shall commence once the articles technology, UK Study Help have both confirmed that a suitable Assignment Editing Expert is accounting, available to articles, undertake the editorial, Customer’s order and have obtained payment from the Customer The Agreement will continue between the Parties until the time period allowed for amendments has expired, notwithstanding the subsisting clauses stated below, unless terminated sooner by either party in accordance with these provisions. In order to provide research and/or assessment services to fulfil the Customer’s Order, the articles essays technology, UK Study Help will allocate a suitably qualified Assignment Editing Expert which it deems to hold appropriate levels of qualification and experience to undertake the Customer’s Order The UK Study Help undertakes to exercise all reasonable skill and judgment in writing services allocating a suitable Assignment Editing Expert, having regard to the available Assignment Editing Experts’ qualifications, experience and quality record with us, and to essays technology, any available information the UK Study Help has about the Customer’s degree or course Once the UK Study Help has located a suitable Assignment Editing Expert and obtained payment from the accounting, Customer, the Customer acknowledges that the Order is binding and no refund will be issued. The Customer will give the UK Study Help clear briefings and articles essays, ensure that all the facts given about the Order are accurate The UK Study Help will co-operate fully with the Customer and use reasonable care and skill to make the Order provided as successful as is to be expected from a competent UK Study Help. The Customer will help the UK Study Help do this by making available to the UK Study Help all relevant information at the beginning of the transaction and imagination is more important than gre essay, co-operating with the UK Study Help throughout the technology, transaction should the Assignment Editing Expert require any further information or guidance The Customer acknowledges that failure to provide such information or guidance during the course of the transaction may delay the delivery of their Work, and that the UK Study Help will not be held responsible for any loss or damage caused as a result of such delay. Phrases! In such cases the ‘Completion on Time Guarantee’ will not apply. Where the Assignment Editing Expert or the UK Study Help requires confirmation of any detail they will contact the Customer using the email address or telephone number provided by the Customer The Customer acknowledges that the UK Study Help may accept instructions received using these modes of contact and technology, may reasonably assume that those instructions are generated from the Customer.

Delivery – “Completion on Time Guarantee” The UK Study Help agrees to facilitate delivery of all Work before midnight on the due date, unless the custom essay toronto, due date falls on a Sunday, Bank Holiday, Christmas Day, or New Year’s Day (“a Non-Working Day”), in articles which case the essay french, Work will be delivered the following day before midnight The UK Study Help undertakes that all Work will be completed by the Assignment Editing Expert on time or they will refund the Customer’s money in full and deliver their Work for free The relevant due date for the purposes of this guarantee is the due date that is set when the order is allocated to an Assignment Editing Expert . Articles Technology! Where a variation to the relevant due date is agreed between the UK Study Help and custom essay writing, the Customer, a refund is not due The UK Study Help will not be held liable under this guarantee for essays, any lateness due to technical problems that may arise due to third parties or otherwise, including, but not limited to issues caused by Internet Service Providers, Mail Account Providers, Database Software, Incompatible Formats and Hosting Providers. The UK Study Help undertakes that if such technical problems occur with a system that they are directly responsible for or that third party contractors provide them with, that they will on request provide reasonable proof of these technical problems, so far as such proof is available, or will otherwise honor its Completion On Time Guarantee in imagination than gre essay full. The UK Study Help will have no obligations whatsoever in essays relation to the Completion on Time Guarantee if the delay in dilthey's dream on human nature and culture the delivery of the Work is articles, as a result of the Customer’s actions – including but not limited to is more important than knowledge gre essay, where the essays, Customer has failed to pay an outstanding balance due in essay relation to articles essays, the Order, sent in extra information after the order has started or changed any elements of the dilthey's essays on human nature and culture, order instructions. Delays on the part of the Customer may result in the relevant due date being changed according to essays, the extent of the custom essay services toronto, delay without activating the Completion On Time Guarantee. Where the Customer has agreed for ‘staggered delivery’ with the Assignment Editing Expert , the Completion on articles essays, Time Guarantee relates to the final delivery date of the Work and not to the delivery of individual components of the Work. The Customer agrees that the details provided at the time of placing their Order and making payment may be stored on imagination important than knowledge, the UK Study Help’s secure database, on the understanding that these details will not be shared with any third party The UK Study Help agrees that they will not disclose any personal information provided by the Customer other than as required to do so by any lawful authority, and/or to pursue any fraudulent transactions The UK Study Help operates a privacy policy which complies fully with the requirements of the Data Protection Act. The UK Study Help’s privacy policy is essays, available on the UK Study Help’s websites and a copy can be provided on request. The Customer may not request amendments to their Order specification after payment has been made or a deposit has been taken and the Order has been assigned to an Assignment Editing Expert The Customer may provide the Assignment Editing Expert with additional supporting information shortly after full payment or a deposit has been taken, provided that this does not add to or conflict with the details contained in msc thesis their original Order specification If the Customer provides additional information after full payment or a deposit has been taken and this does substantially conflict with the details contained in the original Order specification, the UK Study Help may at their discretion either obtain a quote for essays, the changed specification or reallocate the Order, as soon as is reasonable, to a different Assignment Editing Expert without consulting the Customer. The Customer understands that this may result in a delay in the delivery of their Work for which the important knowledge gre essay, UK Study Help will not be held responsible.

Under these circumstances, the ‘Completion on Time’ Guarantee will not be payable. The UK Study Help agrees that if the Customer believes that their completed Work does not follow their exact instructions and/or the essays, guarantees of the Assignment Editing Expert as set out on the UK Study Help website, the Customer may request amendments to dilthey's on human and culture, the Work within 7 days of the delivery date, or longer if they have specifically paid to extend the amendments period. Articles Technology! Such amendments will be made free of results section for dissertation, charge to the Customer The Customer is permitted to make one request, containing all details of the required amendments. This will be sent to the Assignment Editing Expert for comment. If the request is reasonable, the Assignment Editing Expert will amend the Work and return it to the Customer within twenty-four hours.

The Assignment Editing Expert may request additional time to complete the articles, amendments and accounting, this may be granted at the discretion of the Customer. If the UK Study Help agrees to technology, refund the Customer in full or part, this refund will be made using the credit or debit card that the Customer used to make their payment initially. If no such card was used (for example, where the Customer deposited the fee directly into the UK Study Help’s bank account) the UK Study Help will offer the Customer a choice of refund via bank transfer or credit towards a future order. All refunds are made at the discretion of the UK Study Help. Unless payment is taken at the time of placing an essays editorial cartoons, order, once the essays, UK Study Help has found a suitably qualified and experienced Assignment Editing Expert to undertake the Customer’s order, they will contact the Customer by email to take payment.

If, at accounting, their discretion, the UK Study Help accepts a deposit rather than the full value of the Order, the Customer acknowledges that the full balance will remain outstanding at all times and will be paid to the UK Study Help before the delivery date for the Work. The Customer agrees that once an Order is paid for then the Assignment Editing Expert allocated by the UK Study Help begins work on that Order, and that the articles technology, Order may not be cancelled or refunded. Until payment or a deposit has been made and the Order has been allocated to an Assignment Editing Expert , the Customer may choose to continue with the Order or to dream essays nature and culture, cancel the Order at any time The Customer agrees to be bound by the UK Study Help’s refund policies and acknowledges that due to articles, the highly specialized and individual nature of the essays editorial cartoons, services that full refunds will only be given in the circumstances outlined in these terms, or other circumstances that occur, in which event any refund or discount is given at the discretion of the UK Study Help. UK Study Help provides well written, customer Assignment and Essay papers to the students. Papers provided are only for articles technology, the reference purposes to assist the buyer by providing a guideline and the product provided is cartoons, intended to articles, be used for research or study purposes. The Customer acknowledges that it does not obtain the copyright to the Work supplied through the UK Study Help’s services The Customer acknowledges that the UK Study Help, its employees and the Assignment Editing Expert s on accounting msc thesis, its books do not support or condone plagiarism, and articles, that the UK Study Help reserves the right to refuse supply of services to msc thesis, those suspected of such behavior. The Customer accepts that the articles essays technology, UK Study Help offers a service that locates suitably qualified Assignment Editing Expert s for the provision of independent personalized research services in order to help students learn and advance educational standards, and that no Work supplied through the french, UK Study Help may be passed off as the Customer’s own or as anyone else’s, nor be handed in as the Customer’s own work, either in whole or in part.

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